Age pericles 461 429 b c

He was descended, through his mother, from the powerful and historically influential Alcmaeonid family. Pericles had such a profound influence on Athenian society that Thucydides, his contemporary historian, acclaimed him as "the first citizen of Athens".

Age pericles 461 429 b c

The years from to have been called the Periclean Age. Pericles was the son of Xanthippus, a distinguished statesman and general of aristocratic family probably the Bouzygaeand Agariste, a niece of the famous statesman Cleisthenes, the leader of a powerful clan, the Alcmeonidae.

Pericles received the best education available, studying music under Damon and mathematics under Zeno of Eleaa pioneer in theoretical physics.

Eminently fitted for a public career, Pericles chose to follow the example of Cleisthenes and advocate a more advanced democracy. Champion of Radical Democracy Pericles became prominent first in the law courts, where he prosecuted the leading statesmen and finally Cimon, the leading conservative power.

In the Assembly, Pericles advocated hostility toward Sparta and radical constitutional reform at home. He worked in close association with Ephialtes, an older and more established leader of democratic views. They were both elected generals for a year sometime beforeand inwhen Cimon was the most influential of the generals in office, they made a concerted attack upon him.

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A crucial decision on foreign policy was in the making—whether to prosecute the war against Persia as the leader of a coalition of maritime states and Age pericles 461 429 b c the nominal partner of an inactive Sparta, or to attack Sparta, exploit the coalition for that purpose, and make war with Persia a secondary matter.

The issue in home policy was between the status quo, with the Areopagus Council acting as a brake on democratic radicalism, and an unimpeded implementation of majority decisions in the Assembly.

The two issues were inextricably linked not only by past history but also by ideological and material considerations. These issues were to face Athens throughout the life of Pericles, but the fateful step was taken inat a time when Persia was on the defensive and Sparta was crippled by the effects of earthquakes, followed by internal dissension.

This insulting treatment enraged Athens. At this time Ephialtes was assassinated, and Pericles, in his early 30s, became the undisputed leader of the radical democrats. Legislator of Domestic Affairs The political career of Pericles after the ostracism of Cimon divides into two parts.

The first ended inwhen he secured the ostracism of his leading opponent, Thucydides. Pericles also passed further legislation against the Areopagus, introduced pay for political services, and in restricted Athenian citizenship to children of Athenian parentage on both sides.

He was entrusted with special financial responsibilities as commissioner for the building of the Long Walls, linking Athens to the Piraeus, and as commissioner for the building of the Parthenon and the Propylaea on the Acropolis from onward. It is not known how far he was involved in the implementation of the war on two fronts—against Sparta in Greece and against Persia in Egypt, which resulted in a stalemate on land in and a heavy defeat in Egypt in Pericles played a leading part in the critical years following He proposed the recall of Cimon, which resulted in victories over Persia and a truce with Sparta.

Age pericles 461 429 b c

Between and Pericles is associated with the renewal of hostilities with Sparta. He began with a diplomatic offensive, offering to all Greek states the freedom of the seas and the celebration of the end of the Persian Wars —an event marking the conclusion of the Peace of Callias with Persia early in In the storm broke: In command of an Athenian army Pericles crossed to Euboea and then rushed back to face the enemy in Attica.

The miracle was never explained, although Pericles was said by some to have bribed the king. In any case Pericles hurried back to Euboea and stamped out the revolt.

Pericles - Wikipedia

Peace was obtained in Athens had lost most of its gains, but its empire was recognized. His foreign policy was to suppress any revolt in the Athenian empire and to resist Sparta.

When Samos revolted in collusion with Persia, Pericles acted boldly and successfully as commander of the Athenian forces, and the punishment of Samos was a warning to others. He paraded the naval power of Athens with an expedition in the Black Sea ca.

This alliance was within the letter of the treaty of peace with Sparta, signed inbut contrary to its spirit. Diplomatic and military incidents followed which resulted in war with Sparta and its allies in Its adoption led to the concentration of the Athenians inside the walls of Athens.

The people turned against him for the first time. He was fined but reelected general forthe year of his death.

Pericles (Author of The Funeral Oration of Pericles)

He had been unhappily married and lived with a leading courtesan, Aspasia. He was buried near the Academy.Age of Pericles. the period between and B.C. when Pericles dominated Athenian politics and Athens reached the height of its power.

Chapter 4 - Ancient Greece. 75 terms. Chapter 3: Ancient India and China. 20 terms. Chapter 5 Ancient Rome. 34 terms. social studies chapter 10 sec. 1 and 2. The Age of Pericles was between B.C and B.C when Pericles overtook Athenian Government and imposed direct democracy.

By expanding the government and involvement of the Athenian people, it made every male citizen take part in mass meetings for government regulations. Honest and fair, Pericles held onto popular support for almost thirty two years. He was a skillful politician, an inspiring speaker, and a respected general.

Age pericles 461 429 b c

He has dominated the life of Athens from to B.C., this period has often been called the Age of Pericles. The period during which he led Athens, roughly from to BC, is sometimes known as the "Age of Pericles", though the period thus denoted can include times as .

He has dominated the life of Athens from to B.C., this period has often been called the Age of Pericles. He had three goals, first to strengthen Athenian democracy, second to hold and strengthen the empire, and the last to glorify Athens.

Pericles was born c. B.C. in Athens, Greece. After inheriting money as a teen, he became a great patron of the arts.

In , he assumed rule of Athens—a role he would occupy until his death.

Pericles - HISTORY