An analysis of the family television programs

Entertainment programing inappropriate for viewing by a general family audience should not be broadcast during the first hour of network entertainment programing in prime time and in the immediately preceding hour. In the occasional Case when an entertainment program in this time period is deemed to be inappropriate for such an audience, advisories should be used to alert the viewers.

An analysis of the family television programs

Definition[ edit ] Cultivation theory suggests that exposure to media, over time, subtly "cultivates" viewers' perceptions of reality. Gerbner and Gross assert: Its function is in a word, enculturation ". This can apply anytime social observation occurs in any form outside a natural environment.

Thus, Gerbner's research focused on the larger meaning of heavy television consumption instead of the meaning behind specific messages.

An analysis of the family television programs

Gerbner subsequently began work on the federally funded Cultural Indicators Project at the Annenberg School of Communications. This new committee funded a number of studies on the effects of television: Gerbner's Cultural Indicators was one of those chosen.

Through Gerbner's involvement with Cultural Indicators, he began to produce the Violence Index, a yearly content analysis of prime-time television that would show how violence was portrayed on television, from season to season. This allowed viewers the access to data regarding the frequency of violence in television shows but also raised questions regarding the accuracy of the study and the research hypotheses used.

An analysis of the family television programs

While the Violence Index received criticism, Gerbner and his team updated the Index to make sure that the data being produced was accurately composed, and addressed any criticisms posted.

Gerbner's research found that violence was portrayed in prime time more frequently compared to violence in the real world. This standpoint allotted Gerbner access to a number of grants that continued to fund the Cultural Indicators Project throughout the s.

The first assumption highlights the medium, the second, the audience, and the final assumption deals with the function of the medium on audiences and their ability to react to it. Television is fundamentally different from other forms of mass media.

Television is visual and auditory, and therefore doesn't require viewers to be literate. It has the potential to be free, aside from the initial cost of obtaining a television although free access to television is generally quite limited. There are multiple added costs for television viewing, including the necessity of a converter box to access most local television broadcasting and the high monthly fees required for accessing cable television.

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These costs may prohibit poor and low-income families from viewing television. However, television is still ageless in the sense that anyone from any walk of life can use it, and most importantly, anyone is able to comprehend the content that is broadcast through television.

Television programming uses storytelling and engaging narratives to capture people's attention. Television cultivates from infancy the very predispositions and preferences that used to be acquired from other primary sources The repetitive pattern of television's mass-produced messages and images forms the mainstream of a common symbolic environment.

Gerbner and Gross write that "the substance of the consciousness cultivated by TV is not so much specific attitudes and opinions as more basic assumptions about the facts of life and standards of judgment on which conclusions are based.

Gerbner observed that television reaches people, on average, more than seven hours a day. Television offers "a centralized system of story-telling".

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Cultivation theory examines the long-term effects of television. "The primary proposition of cultivation theory states that the more time people spend 'living' in the television world, the more likely they are to believe social reality aligns with reality portrayed on television.".

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The Museum of Broadcast Communications - Encyclopedia of Television