Opium is a drug found in the Opium Poppy Plant and contains the major ingredient in heroin. The British were in possession of a very potent strain of Opium and illegally sold it to China. This cause most people in China to get addicted to Opium.
But a closer examination reveals a much more complex and nuanced picture. The reasons for decline are fairly straightforward, though scholars might dispute the relative weighting among them.
The period opened with the First Opium War —a milestone in the dynastic decline. Viewed more broadly, however, the sources of this decline—if seen as a function of ailing institutions such as the examination system or an increasingly inefficient revenue system out of sync with population growth—can be traced back to the Ming dynasty — and before.
Symptomatic of this decline, reforms came slowly and with limited and sporadic government support. Known as the Qing Restoration, which began aroundthe aim was to reinvigorate the Confucian state through administrative and tax reforms, as well as a practical application of Confucian principles in governance.
But reforms soon acquired a life of their own.
|Qing Dynasty Achievements||He claims that this decline was a result of its inability to cope with modern states, as demonstrated by the loss of wars against such powers as the British, French and Japanese|
|Fall of Qing Dynasty Essay Example | Graduateway||The transition from its predecessor the Ming dynasty, was one of the least disruptive in Chinese history. In the territory it controlled the Qing was the second largest in Chinese history, after the Mongol Yuan dynasty.|
|The Fall of the Qing Dynasty - Sample Essays||During the Qing period, imperial China reached its zenith of power and influence. The Qing Empire appeared so orderly and prosperous in the 18th century that the French philosopher Voltaire praised the Chinese for having the most effectively organized government that the world had ever seen.|
It became apparent early on that the adoption of one Western technological or diplomatic innovation would inevitably lead to the adoption of another.
Modern guns and boats would require new military training, just as their manufacture would require machinists and engineers, and they in turn would demand support industries such as coal mining and a modern transportation infrastructure. To Decline of qing dynasty essay these projects, the self-strengtheners branched out into money-making enterprises.
A steamship company and textile mills followed, first under government purview, but eventually, under further pressure to combat cheap foreign manufactured goods, import-substitution industries were promoted, now completely in private hands, who were touted as patriotic entrepreneurs.
To meet demands, modern education was introduced.
In the meantime, the foreigners—their enterprises, missionaries, and military might—continued to threaten the Qing Empire, extracting greater concessions each time there was an altercation or war, which the Chinese inevitably lost. By the end of the 19th century, some Chinese began to realize that, if they were to become a modern nation, their political system had to be seriously reformed and, should that fail, changed.
The combined effect of modern commerce, industry, and education had led to major diversification and enrichment of the Chinese elites. They were now poised for greater say in the polity. When their demands were not satisfied, they deserted the Qing Court, and the dynasty collapsed in Seen in its immediate aftermath, all the efforts at reform or self-strengthening had failed.
Over the long haul, the late Qing had laid the foundation for modern China. There was no turning back. General Overviews Given the nature of this topic, general overviews come largely in the forms of textbooks, of which several are notable.
There is a slight emphasis on political leadership, particularly the imperial.
Spence is written in smooth-flowing prose. Fairbank and Fairbank and Liuthough somewhat dated, contain excellent essays on late Qing, some of which will be discussed in relevant sections below.
In Chinese, a number of works on the history of the Qing dynasty also provide extensive treatment of the period in question. A notable example is Qingdai quanshi especially Vol. Xiao —though dated, probably provides the most thorough treatment of the period, in nearly 3, pages.
Both the Qing dynasty and the — periods are often viewed as the beginning of modern China. Either way, the implication is that modern China is a continuing process, giving rise to numerous studies of 20th-century China that devote substantial treatment of the pre era.
The Cambridge History of China. Cambridge University Press, The treatment is topical and, therefore, as a whole does not provide a flowing narrative. The Rise of Modern China.
Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, By far the most thorough text on the period chapters 7— Balanced, methodical, and often insightful.
Originally published in The Decline and Collapse of the Qing Dynasty. Updated on March 18, HARRIS. more. Contact Author.
Qing Dynasty. Qing Dynasty, , also known as Ch’ing or Manchu, last of the Chinese dynasties.
During the Qing period, imperial China reached its zenith of power and influence. The decline of the Qing Dynasty was started in the.
As you might expect, the collapse of China's Qing dynasty was a long and complex process. Qing rule gradually collapsed during the second half of the 19th century and the early years of the 20th, due to a complicated interplay between internal and external factors. Decline of the Qing Dynasty Essay The Decline of the Qing Dynasty In , the Manchus founded the Qing Dynasty.
However, the Ming Dynasty still held the Mandate of Heaven until when the Ming Dynasty “lost power through military force” and the Mandate of Heaven was passed to the Qing Dynasty (Essentials of Modern.
The Decline of the Qing Dynasty In , the Manchus founded the Qing Dynasty. However, the Ming Dynasty still held the Mandate of Heaven until when the Ming Dynasty “lost power through military force” and the Mandate of Heaven was passed to the Qing Dynasty (Essentials of . Decline of Qing Dynasty. There were many reasons that contributed to the decline of Qing Dynasty.
One of the most important reasons that led to the decline of Qing Dynasty was the Opium war. This war began because British merchants began making a huge profits by growing opium in India and sell it to Chinese/5(5).
Decline and fall of the Roman Empire and Han Dynasty Essay Decline and fall of the Roman Empire and Han Dynasty The Roman Empire and the Han dynasty entered a decline and collapse between C.E. and C.E. as a result of numerous internal and external conflicts.