Yes, of course English has future tense So you can go ahead and say confidently that English has future tense. Most everybody within the monolingual English speaking community thinks of "I will do that" or "I am going to do that" are unequivocally future tense.
Clauses If a sentence has only one subject and one verb, it is said to consist of a single clause, called the main or principal clause. A main clause is a clause which can stand alone to form a complete sentence.
Each of the following sentences has only one clause. In the following examples, the verbs are underlined. The flowers are blooming. If a sentence contains more than one verb, and each verb has its own subject, the sentence is said to consist of more than one clause.
The following sentences each have two clauses. The verbs are underlined. He said that he was ready. The door opened, and my uncle entered the room.
In the first example, he said is the first clause, and that he was ready is the second clause. In the second example, the door opened is the first clause, and my uncle entered the room is the second clause.
Coordinate clauses When two clauses are joined by a word such as and, or or but, the two clauses are called coordinate clauses, and the word which joins them is called a coordinate conjunction. It is cold, but the flowers are blooming. The flowers are blooming and the birds are singing.
In the first example, the coordinate conjunction but joins the clause it is cold to the clause the flowers are blooming. In the second example, the coordinate conjunction and joins the clause the flowers are blooming to the clause the birds are singing.
The clauses in these examples are coordinate clauses. Subordinate clauses Coordinate clauses are main clauses. A main clause is grammatically independent, in that it may stand alone to form a complete sentence.
In contrast, a clause which describes some part of the main clause, or which is in some other way grammatically dependent on the main clause, is called a subordinate clause. A subordinate clause cannot stand alone to form a complete sentence.
In the following examples, the subordinate clauses are underlined. The book which I lent you is a library book. He told me what he had seen. If you are ready, we will go. In the preceding examples, the main clauses are the book is a library book, he told me and we will go; and the subordinate clauses are which I lent you, what he had seen and if you are ready.
A subordinate clause usually begins with a connecting word or phrase which joins it to the main clause. In the preceding examples, these connecting words are which, what and if.
The past perfect and the simple past It has already been seen that the tense of a verb in one clause is related to the tenses of verbs in other clauses in the same sentence.
For instance, if one action happened before another in the past, the action that happened first would usually be expressed by a verb in the Past Perfect tense, and the action that happened subsequently would usually be expressed by a verb in the Simple Past tense.
For instance, each of the following sentences has one verb in the Past Perfect tense, and one verb in the Simple Past tense. She was late, because she had lost her way. It had started to snow before we reached the inn. In the first example, the verb had lost is in the Past Perfect, and the verb was is in the Simple Past.
This indicates that the action of losing the way occurred before the action of being late. In the second example, the verb had started is in the Past Perfect, and the verb reached is in the Simple Past.
This indicates that the action of starting to snow occurred before the action of reaching the inn. The use of the present in subordinate clauses to express future actions It should be noted that if the verb in the main clause of a sentence is in a future tense, the verb of any subordinate clause which refers to the future is usually in a present tense.The Future of Publishing, Seen from the Inside English, and the *zrs over Usage.
l'. BY DAVID FOSTER WALLACE A Dictionary of Modern American Usage. The fact of the matter is that Gamer's dictionary is extremely good, certainly the most comprehensive usage guide since E.
W. Download PDF: Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s): pfmlures.com?urn=u (external link). In grammar, a future tense (abbreviated FUT) is a verb form that generally marks the event described by the verb as not having happened yet, but expected to happen in the future.
An example of a future tense form is the French aimera, meaning "will love", derived from the verb aimer ("love"). English does not have a future tense formed by . In informal English, particularly in American English, the Simple Future is usually conjugated entirely with the auxiliary will.
The auxiliary will is a modal auxiliary. Modal auxiliaries do not modify, but have the same form, regardless of the subject. The auxiliary will is often contracted to 'll. The simple future tense is expressed by adding will or shall to the sentence in front of the base form of the verb.
The other way to express future is the use of a present form of ‘be’ plus ‘going to’. More future tenses. This is a very difficult aspect of English grammar.
Learners who want a deeper understanding should consult a good grammar reference such as Swan's Practical English Usage.