This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. A population based cross sectional telephone survey was conducted. A total of Hong Kong Chinese aged 18—50 randomly selected from the general population participated in the study. Intervention programmes are warranted and an integrated approach is required.
See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. The care of people living with AIDS presents a significant challenge to the health care sector. The results showed a fair level of knowledge among all health care professionals, with the highest knowledge among the doctors and the lowest among laboratory workers.
There was a significant gender difference in the level of knowledge but the data suggested that knowledge did not differ by hospital settings. The study showed a fair level of knowledge among all health care professionals, with the highest knowledge among the doctors and the lowest among laboratory workers and a significant gender difference in the level of knowledge, though the data suggested that this did not differ by hospital settings.
This has important implications for future interventions designed for health care professionals including doctors, nurses and laboratory workers.
Gwarzo 2 examined the HIV prevalence rates in health care settings in Nigeria and found that the prevalence of HIV infection ranges from 4.
The national prevalence is 5. The difference between HIV seroprevalence in urban and rural areas is not large, indicating that the AIDS problem in Nigeria is not strictly an urban one 6.
Given that health workers are expected to provide care and accurate information on this subject matter to patients and their relatives, as well as to the general public, it is clearly important that they have credible and accurate knowledge of the disease.
This is important for optimal health care delivery because several studies have shown that the knowledge and beliefs of HCP about HIV and AIDS are frequently inaccurate and their attitudes are often negative 891011 The PLWA believe that this was due to fear of contracting the disease, wide spread poverty precluding any financial aid to this population, thus isolating them to hasten their death and lack of sympathy for other people.
McCann 24 has highlighted that issues related to sexuality, blame, conditional duty and care, and discriminatory care should be assessed, and appropriate wide-ranging in-service education and support should be provided to health care professionals.
Improvement in clinical practice is not always guaranteed nor does it always persist following educational interventions 25 However, some of these have been of dubious quality and informational value because they were not based on the needs assessment of any specific group Specifically, the study was designed to answer the following questions: This baseline information will enable public health experts to develop target audience specific HIV intervention programs for health care providers in Nigeria.
The first study site, Cross River State, has a population of 1.
Both states have similar socioeconomic and cultural characteristics. The study relied on self-administered questionnaire, and respondents were recruited from hospitals at each local government area.
Study design Inclusion criteria were age above 18, employment as a health care provider in either of the study sites, and ability to fill out a questionnaire in English. The study was approved by the appropriate university ethics committee.
All participants were informed that they could refuse to answer any questions and that their participation was voluntary and anonymous.
Those who agreed to participate were given the questionnaire to complete and deposit in a sealed box that was designated for that purpose.Factors associated with attitudes towards HIV Two attitudinal scales, adopted from a study by Li et.
al, were used to create models of associated factors. The resulting two models both demonstrated that higher knowledge of HIV stigma and discrimination correlate with more positive attitudes towards HIV.
Although stigmatization has long been recognized as a major obstacle to HIV prevention. The lack of a valid and reliable measurement tool for stigmatization is a major gap in the research. This study aimed to: 1) develop a scale of stigmatizing attitudes towards people living with HIV (SAT-PLWHA-S.
This free Health essay on Essay on HIV and Aids in Africa is perfect for Health students to use as an example. There are signs which have been shown that political response in Africa has been changing rapidly towards the HIV/AIDS epidemic since basic health care and housing.
HIV positive persons are in many places the subject of. Perceptions And Attitudes Towards Hiv Health And Social Care Essay. Print This, no doubt can be linked to Adolescents’ sexual behavior and knowledge, attitudes, perceptions towards HIV/AIDS.
Numerous studies have been done on adolescents’ sexuality, knowledge, attitudes, and/or behaviors relevant to AIDS in order to improve the over all. Structural factors like social norms shape individuals’ perceptions of appropriate sexual behaviors for men and women, To examine associations between gendered attitudes and sexual behaviors and beliefs, we first performed correlations, Health.
National Center . Stigma management within the health and social care system must normalise HIV infection as a chronic disorder like any other, continue to provide balanced education and advocacy in the community, and create support groups led by HIV positive people for HIV positive people and informational control (Goffman, ).