There were concentration camps, forced labor camps, extermination or death camps, transit camps, and prisoner-of-war camps. The living conditions of all camps were brutal. Dachauone of the first Nazi concentration camps, opened in Marchand at first interned only known political opponents of the Nazis:
It was truly brutal. Below are ten things people should know about this camp. Beginnings The concentration camp was established in when prisoners were ordered to move to Mauthausen from the Dachau camp. It had 32 barracks, a couple of buildings for the officers, and was surrounded by electric barbed wire.
There was also a stone wall in place. The camp was near a quarry, which was intentional. Two camps were built relatively close to each other, named Mauthausen and Gusen. Highly Profitable Slave Labor The big attraction for this camp came to be its slave labor, but it did not start that way.
At first, it was a place for criminals. In the spring ofthat changed and it became a labor camp that was to house political prisoners. The labor tactics used allowed this to be the most profitable camp in the Nazi regime.
They could make and do a lot of things at the camp. It had its own quarry. Not only were its profit margins high, its production was as well.
It produced more completed work than any other labor camp. Entrance to the camp, seen during wartime. Many did, as more than 40 would go on to utilize the prisoners.
Some of these businesses are still relevant today. A couple of the big names: Bayer— Still in business. Still in business, and known for their weapons. Their parent company is Swiss Arms. Steyr-Daimler-Puch— No longer in business as of Worked in several fields, including weapons and vehicles.
The company at one time during the war employed Ferdinand Porsche, who designed a few military vehicles for them. The company also had experience with Fiat, assembling one of their vehicles and building engines for a few others.
Worked to Death The labor was not there just for work. It was also a means to an end. The idea was simple: Working hours could run from as early as four or five in the morning until seven or eight at night.
Once prisoners were too weak, tired or ill to work, they would be sent away to be killed. Popular Means of Killing Many inmates were shipped off to die, while others died on site. At first, there was no gas chamber at the facility.
A hose would be hooked up to the exhaust of a van which had its engine running. Carbon monoxide fumes would funnel along the hose into the prisoners in the back of the van causing poisoning and suffocation.
Eventually, this would change, when the camp built a gas chamber, able to kill people at a time. Zyklon B was often used by the Nazis to kill inmates. Another form of killing were beatings.
Prisoners were subjected to abuse for anything the regime saw as wrong and were often beaten to death. Prisoners are seen being forced play leap frog. Inmate Demographic Originally, the goal was to keep the camp limited to those assumed intelligent, such as professors, or those who worked in the arts, etc.May 30, · Watch video · Eicke’s regulations served as a blueprint for the operation of all concentration camps in Nazi Germany.
Dachau Expansion: Late s Conditions at the camp were brutal and overcrowded. The. Large numbers were executed or died from the brutal treatment and disease. About a dozen concentration camps were in operation until the early s, but some of them were closed and merged into the remaining six camps for the purpose of maintaining better secrecy and control.
There were concentration camps, forced labor camps, extermination or death camps, transit camps, and prisoner-of-war camps.
The living conditions of all camps were brutal. Dachau, one of the first Nazi concentration camps, opened in March , and at first interned only known political opponents of the Nazis: Communists, Social Democrats, .
The concentration camps were administered since by the Concentration Camps Inspectorate (CCI) Conditions were brutal and prisoners were often sent to the gas chambers or killed on site if they did not work quickly enough. Final Camps of Death. 9. Buchenwald. Buchenwald was a forced labor camp located in Germany.
Prisoners were forced to work in weapons and armament facilities. The concentration camps, T he Nazis set up their first concentration camp, Dachau, in the wake of Hitler’s takeover of power in By the end of the war, 22 main concentration camps were established, together with around 1, affiliate camps, Aussenkommandos, and thousands of .